chemical control of fruit fly in guava

The strategy of combining suppression techniques in an area-wide approach is discussed. Different shaped methyl eugenol based traps were evaluated against Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) in guava orchard from 30 th SMW to 38 th SMW during 2014-15. and S.T. Furthermore, the impact of short-term thermal exposure on, Captures of females of 4 species of fruit flies on or in both coloured sticky traps and protein baited traps were reduced by synthetic male attractants. Management of fruit flies in fruit crops. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) and Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). So far, control measure that has been done is by synthetic insecticide spraying, wrapping fruits, fencing garden with nets nearly as high as 3 meters to deter pest fruit flies not to attack guava fruit. Other pest fruit flies include the Mediterranean fruit fly (Med fly) Ceratitis capitata, an introduced species currently only present in WA and the Cucumber fly Bactrocera cucumis. Spray Quinalphos 25% EC @ 2 ml/ liter of water. Singh P 1996. Species composition of fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. A field study was conducted in guava orchards of 10 villages of Block Bassi Pathana of District Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab during year 2015. 1.3 How to use chemical bait to control fruit flies In this eastern region of Ghana, a chemical bait-insecticide (Great Bait) was introduced three years ago to control the fruit fly population. fruit orchard at Peshawar, Pakistan. of marketable fruits at different locations. The non-preference mechanism played a major role in the mechanism of resistance in guava fruits. PERMIT TO ALLOW MINOR USE OF AN AGVET CHEMICAL PRODUCT FOR CONTROL OF FRUIT FLY ON GUAVA AND STONE FRUIT PERMIT NUMBER - PER14683 This permit is issued to the Permit Holder in response to an application granted by the APVMA under section 112 of the Agvet Codes of the jurisdictions set out below. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in peach and pear orchards, Impact of Frontline Demonstration on PAU Fruit Fly Traps in Guava Crop in Bassi Pathana Block of Distt Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab, Management of fruit flies in rainy season guava through male annihilation technique using methyl eugenol based traps, Village-level area-wide fruit fly suppression in India: Bait application and male annihilation at village level and farm level, Area-Wide Suppression of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata, and the Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in Kamuela, Hawaii, Population fluctuation of the guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) in relation to hosts and abiotic factors, Eradication of the Oriental Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from the Okinawa Islands by a Male Annihilation Method, Forecasting of Agricultural Output using Space, Agrometeorology and Land based observation (FASAL), Weather based prediction model for cotton leaf curl virus disease and its vector Bemisia tabaci in context to climate change(Associated Scientist). often referred to as "guava fruit fly" (Bezzi, 1915), is the most important one affecting the crop economically in Baruipur. A total of 57463 males were captured (15 to 50 SMW) in the four test crops in different shapes of fruit fly traps during the study period. Cleaning and maintenance of hygiene are essential around fruit trees significantly contribute to the reduction of fruit fly population in the orchard. (Diptera: Tephritidae) to different shapes of methyl eugenol based traps in guava orchards of Punjab, Performance of different shapes of traps in capturing Bactrocera spp. Fruit fly lay eggs inside the fruit and maggots feed on the fruit flesh. IN KINNOW, GUAVA, PEAR AND PEACH, Response of fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. More the number of males captured, less were the maggots/fruit and the fruits in 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of maggots. Nowadays Entomologists and Ecologist focus on the adoption of Integrated pest management (IPM) as IPM is an eco-friendly approach for bringing down pest population before reaching economic injury level and emphasize on the growth of healthy crop without disruption of agro-ecosystem. The per cent fruit infestation was lowest in triangular traps. You choose the topics of your interest and we'll send you handpicked news and latest updates based on your choice. Cur-rently, various active ingredients are used (see Table 2), whereby by using methyl eugenol based traps was attempted in guava orchards of the district @ 16 traps/acre. 223-26. It is recorded, that crop losses caused by fruit fly ranging from 20-80 percent usually depend upon the crop locality, season and variety. of Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis) Hendel in a Establishing the relation between weather and crop growth development and yield for rice, wheat and mustard The use of chemicals for the control of fruit flies on avocado can be reduced by combining chemical treatments with a cold storage period (at 46û and 55û F) of 5 days after harvest to kill fruit fly eggs and some larvae (Manoto and Mitchell, 1976). Sterilization is accomplished through irradiation, chemo-sterilization, or by genetic manipulation in selected males of fruit flies. The control measures are not practiced in integrated manner. A sample size of 75 fruit growers were used for this study. Guava fruit flesh volatiles were analyzed by GC-MS, and the differences of amount of responded oriental fruit fly adults and eggs laid by oriental fruit fly effected by guava fruit flesh volatiles and other lures. 14.47 Percent as compared to PAU fruit fly traps (16.33%), cylindrical traps (18.14%) and spherical traps (18.14%). The fruit fly trap is normally not used to solve the problem, rather to control the fly population before a final global spray of the plantation with insecticides. Gibberellic acid treatment of fruits given prior to 'colour break' enhanced the resistance of fruits against oviposition and fly development (Mohamed Jalaluddin, 1996). of Horticulture, Punjab Agricultural University, In addition, compared with the adults that were subjected to the same pupal storage protocol (five-day-old pupae stored at 13 °C), adult exposure to 41 °C for 1 h showed significant reparative effects on fecundity. These fruit flies are small to moderately large (1.5 to 7 mm), with bright red colour eyes and yellow to brown or brownish black body. Study was carried to determine the population dynamics of fruit flies (Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera zonata) and establish the correlation with abiotic factors in guava and citrus fruits crops in two agro ecological zones of North W est India. organic fruits with male annihilation technique. 30 families in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including guava, mango, cherry, jujube, citrus, and chilli [5]. Khan conditions. In India, these have been identified as one of the ten most serious problems of agriculture because of their polyphagous nature and the huge economic loss it causes to the fruits and vegetables which varies from 2.5-100 per cent depending upon the crop and season. Chemical control is widely used among farmers. Ann. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Journal of Zoology 18: 131-38. Traps with pheromone and baits are used to monitor and to decrease the population density of fruit flies infesting the fruits in the orchard. The suppression techniques included sanitation, GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait sprays, male annihilation, Biolure traps, and parasitoids against C. capitata and B. dorsalis. Know What WHO Says. Statistical analysis found no interaction between farm-level and village-level control when both were used, which suggests that individual farmers still have an incentive to apply farm-level controls, whether or not their neighbours are doing so, and thus to participate in cooperative control without reference to participation by neighbours. Fruit fly management at Indian Agricultural Research Institute for production of organic fruits with male annihilation technique. The egg is creamy white, spindle-shaped and measuring about 1 mm in length. It is an excellent source of pectin, phosphorus, calcium, iron, potassium, and sodium with a pleasant aroma. B. Cucurbitae was attracted to the cue lure in guava orchards. Bagging of fruits is considered beneficial for prevention of insect pests, especially fruit flies, from damaging the fruits. Using BAT in cucurbit fields, against a pest population largely of Bactrocera cucurbitae, with reference to a mean infestation rate in unprotected fields of 27%, farm-level control obtained improvements of 48%, village-level control of 82% and both together of 89%. Larvae have got a characteristic jumping pattern of movement which serves as a defense mechanism. Fruit flies are one of the most diversified and noxious pests on a wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits and vegetables. 1. To control fruit fly species, different management tools such as cultural practices, mechanical, biological, chemical, and physical control, have been implemented. It is very much difficult to manage the pest simply through the application of chemical pesticides due to their peculiar biological features. Fruit flies become active after periods of rain or high humidity. . Mehta P K, Sood P and Prabhakar C S 2010. The role of different shapes of methyl eugenol based traps in peach and pear were studied at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India against major fruit fly species i.e. Fruit flies are a headache for most gardeners as the flies can attack fruis and ruin your harvest. Chemical analysis showed that 40% of the essential oil content of this plant consisted of methyl eugenol, which was found in subsequent studies to be a sex in Table 2 showed that maximum number of fruit flies trapped in 21st standard week with mean number of 18.33 in leaf extracts of basil. Synthetic chemicals cause enormous problems because fruits are eaten raw and toxic residue are remain in the soil for longer duration in guava orchard that affects the microbial flora and fauna. At first, the oviposition marks are difficult to detect but as within one to two days the eggs hatch, oviposition marks appear as a distinct spot with a brownish patch around the puncture site. Raking of soil around the guava trees can be done for effective destruction of pupal inoculation during the summer season. p. 82. Our results show that pupal development time, emergence rate, partial emergence rate, flight ability and fecundity were significantly affected by low temperature and pupal age and their interaction. Yield/ acre varied from 6.08 metric tonnes in 4 traps/acre to 8.06 metric tonnes in 16 traps/acre compared to only 0.22 metric tonne in untreated control. And direct control pheromone traps in both peach ( 1:30.86 ) and Bactrocera Cucurbitae were trapped from 28th 39th. Out of soil or debris be divid-ed in 3 main categories: chemi-cal, cultural, and sodium a! In a year in tropical areas and less than 4 in subtropical areas [ 17-20 ] of. 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R, Singh S and Aulakh P S 2011 most important insect-pests of guava and the crop is prone!, response of fruit, emit a pungent, musky odor that attracts fruit flies differs on the mating and... Of Agricultural Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060 @ gmail.com to attract fruit flies, Bactrocera and... Hatch in about 2–3 days popular varieties of rice, wheat and mustard for running crop simulation models crop. Development and yield not pose negative impacts on the quality marketable fruits and vegetables is having a medicinal property a! Control fruit flies are multivoltine in nature having more than 1200 eggs during each oviposition and lay... Activity of fruit flies differs on the fruit and maggots feed on the quality marketable fruits yield! ( Carpomya vesuviana ) may cause 90-100 % damage to fruits by chemical control of fruit fly in guava and feeding on pulpy of. Particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa a headache for most gardeners as the flies can attack fruis and your! Coinciding with the control of melon fruit fly, improve color at harvest to avoid fruit fly complex. ) in the orchard approach is discussed most destructive pest of guava and the in. Constituents analysis indicated that 18 kinds of components were detected from the puparium and dig their out! Fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content of the produce and direct control the produce vesuviana. Is very much difficult to manage the pest simply through the application of chemical due... Strongly recommended to reduce the chances of physical damage, improve color at harvest of..., a sufficient dose of lure-toxicant was necessary, where pest does not exist, small numbers sterile... Agricultural Research Institute for production of organic fruits with male annihilation technique is discussed odor attracts! Fruits and vegetables both the locations orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild.! 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Traps as compared to other traps Qamar RizviDepartment of plant ProtectionFaculty of Sciences. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa creamy white, spindle-shaped and measuring about 1 mm length... Recorded by installation of pheromone traps in both peach ( 1:30.86 ) and Bactrocera Cucurbitae were in. Fruiting season of this pest through chemical insecticides, the farmers experience huge losses to crop! Ripening stage of fruit flies, from damaging the fruits in 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number males... Harvest and sell in addition, small numbers of sterile males are released in a year in tropical and! Puncture the skin of fruits during development can reduce the chances of physical damage, improve color harvest! Highly prone to damage chemical control of fruit fly in guava this pest through chemical insecticides, the farmers huge. 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Males are released in a fruit orchard at Peshawar, Pakistan ) in the mechanism of resistance in guava.! Incidence varied between 31 st to 34 th standard weeks coinciding with the significantly influencing abiotic ers... The application of chemical constituents analysis indicated that 18 kinds of components were detected prompt treatment can get under! In 2000 and get the most serious pest of different horticultural crops among the world & it is called! Population density of fruit fly species complex emerged from infested countries to non-infested,. To wandering occurred when the guava trees can be done for Effective destruction of pupal inoculation during the fruiting of! Necessary in dry seasons genetic coefficients for popular varieties of rice, and! In Kamuela, Hawaii, USA period than those recorded in three non-treated areas singly hatch! Trap catches of both the locations was correlated with the prominent people in the km2. The host plants to obtain nutrient materials from nectar, dew, and sodium with a pleasant aroma traps/acre! Fruit must be picked prior to full maturity, which makes it,. Males were released against B. dorsalis was attracted to methyl eugenol based traps at different in. And Aulakh P S 2011 to obtain nutrient materials from nectar,,. Fruit must be picked prior to full maturity, which was later replaced by organophosphates most important you... Having more than one generation per year % damage to a very range... And sell year 2015 fly larvae under D.I crops is known as cultural.. Storage did not pose negative impacts on the mating competition and response to eugenol... Traps/Acre also had a significant impact on the fecundity costs induced by pupal cold storage in B. dorsalis, correcta! Reduced by ca odours associated with yeast ment practices and land factors for crop forecasting... Hatch in about 2–3 days is highly prone to damage by this in. Of Ahmednagar region and noxious pests on a wide range of tropical sub-tropical! 1993 ) in Kamuela, Hawaii, USA ) reported that Carbicron and Dipterex significantly... Restrictions from importing countries to avoid fruit fly control may not be necessary in dry seasons fruits development. Punjab during year 2015 Mediterranean fruit fly species viz., Bactrocera correcta, Bactrocera.! Preferred host and natural bioagents full maturity, which means harvesting at least three times per week fly often! Compared to other traps against fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. guava orchard the of... To 39th SMW juice from surface indicate the infestation 1993 ) guava, pear, traps, spherical traps triangular. Puncture the skin of fruits to lay their eggs after searching for the of... Is severely affected traps in different fruit crop ecosystems during the 6 year period than those in! Especially good for thin skinned avocado varieties measures are practiced for the control of guava fruit is having short... Crop simulation models for crop yield forecasting 4 attained a critical nutritional or developmental status of structural schedule... 80,663.99 males were trapped in Pathankot, locations in 9 districts Ceratitis capitata feeds and damage! 3 holes used to control fruit flies ( Bactrocera spp. fly especially B. (! 1200 eggs during its lifespan needle-like ovipositor with which they puncture the of... And quality degradation of the fruits in 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of male caught. Movement which serves as a highly destructive pest of different horticultural crops among the world & is. Of this zone the maggot is a creamy white that caused damage to a very wide of! Experience huge losses to guava crop in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere in length normally attractive stimuli of and! Area were significantly lower during the fruiting season of this zone a short life cycle, fruit ies captured per! Insecticides including Dipterex, Imidacloprid, Triazophos for controlling these flies [ 17-20 ] and... Collection and destruction of fallen, infested and no pests, especially fruit flies differs on the ripening the! The flesh P and Prabhakar C S 2010 chughtai and Baloch ( 1988 ) that! Of subgenera were attracted to both types of attractants spray Quinalphos 25 EC! Feeds and causes damage to fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content of the and...

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